Roses can be grown in pots or containers but as they require a lot of watering especially during warm spells they are normally planted out. They thrive in sun so pick your spot carefully. Ideally, pick a spot with a bit of shelter from the cold winds. Roses do not like to be waterlogged so plant in an area that has reasonable drainage. Most roses prefer fertile soil so if necessary improve the soil with well rotted farm or horse manure.
If you buy a bare root give it a good soak before planting as they may have dried out. Dig the plant hole deep and wide enough to accommodate all the roots which should be spread out as much as possible. Add some compost to the hole and back fill the hole carefully, ensuring good contact between the roots and the soil. Roses can be planted either with the bud union level with soil or below soil level. Tread the soil in gently and carefully to avoid making the ground too compacted. Water well if the ground is dry.
If you are planting out a container rose follow much the same procedure as above. Try not to disturb the root ball too
much when planting and add a little compost around the root ball and fill the hole as above. The best time to plant most roses is in the spring, but summer is OK too.
Watering and feeding
Water is needed during the summer months. Feed from March until August, ideally with a specialist fertiliser like Rose Focus. Use 10ml per litre of water.
Miniature roses or potted roses grown in the conservatory will benefit from regular feeding throughout the year.
Pruning roses can be a controversial subject. Here's some simple instructions:
All Bush or Shrub Roses should be pruned down in the spring to about half their height. All dead wood should be removed.
Climbing and Rambling Roses can be a little more complicated as it's not always easy to tell the difference unless you're an expert.
Climbing Roses should be pruned in the spring down to the height you require, plus remove any dead wood. This will promote new growth for this years flowers. Once again a very simple task.
They differ from ramblers as climbers flower on this years new growth.
Rambling Roses differ from climbers as ramblers flower on last years growth, so obviously if one prunes in the spring you will remove all the new wood from the previous season and end up with no flowers. The correct time to prune ramblers is just after flowering, as they will then start to produce new wood for next years blooms. Quite simple really once you get the hang of it. All roses are very resilient and will survive however you prune them, and still flower despite your worst efforts. However with just a little loving care and attention they will flower and thrive as if they were looked after by an expert.